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Informative Speech Definition and Types



Nowadays, information sharing has become the highest priority. People inform others when they need to cover or describe a particular theme. Apart from published or online materials, informative speeches often execute the transformation of information. They employ easily discernible organization patterns and modes of informing. In simple words, an informative speech helps the audience to understand and remember the presented information. The following article will mainly focus on informative speech definition and types. For informative speech features and modes, visit

Informative Speech Definition

The best way to define informative speeches is to focus on the underlying motivation for their creation. For example, people often use an informative speech to present a particular piece of factual information objectively. It means that the speaker uses his or her presentation just as a means of specific facts delivering. Moreover, he or she does not use any methods of persuasion. Instead, the speaker shares the information and lets the audience decide whether to agree with it or not. Therefore, the best informative speech definition is the following: it intends to educate the audience on a particular topic.

The primary purpose of informative speeches is to provide an insight on a particular topic unfamiliar to the audience. For instance, such a presentation can demonstrate how to use a new software type, give more details regarding a person of interest, or explain an advance in the science concept. The informative speech covered topics help the audience understand a subject better or remember what they learned later.

It is also crucial for the speaker to think of how to present the information. Unlike persuasive speeches, which appeal to the audience’s emotions, informative speeches should rely less on pathos. Instead, all informative speeches should rely on visual aids to give the audience a visual representation of essential information pieces. When the author provides information in various forms during his or her speech, it increases the likelihood that the people will retain the information better.

Informative Speech Types

Informative speeches are the ones that inform the audience. However, this general informative speech definition demonstrates that there exist several ways to educate the audience. Therefore, there are four main informative speech types:

  • definition;
  • explanatory;
  • descriptive;
  • demonstrative.

A definition speech aims at explaining the philosophy, theory, or meaning of a particular theme, about which the audience does not have much knowledge. These themes may be general (e.g., a sport) or specific (e.g., a particular person). This speech type aims to educate the audience and make people understand a specific subject’s critical points.

A demonstration speech goal is to explain how to do something. For example, when you hear a professor describing how to create and format the bibliography. Like other informative speeches, this type uses visualizations to show how to move through a particular activity step-by-step. Visual examples help the audience retain each step.

An explanatory speech describes the current state of a given topic. Try to consider industry conference speeches. The speaker aims to inform the audience of a specific industry part. These speeches also utilize visual examples like statistics and other data. This way, the author can condense complex information into an easily-comprehended one.

A descriptive speech aims to create a vivid picture of a person, object, or place in the audience’s minds. For example, an archaeologist who has discovered a new temple can use a descriptive speech to present a recent discovery.

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